Hacking keyless car entry systems is easy, study shows

In this day and age anything with a rudimentary  electronic circuit is subject to hacking. So it should come as no big surprise  that hackers are paying attention to the keyless entry systems found in many of  modern automobiles. The good news for car owners is that, so far, the hackers in  question have been benevolent Swiss researchers. The bad news: the researchers  think that car thieves may be able to hack into cars and drive away with  some  basic gadgetry.

The study was conducted by ETH Zurich, a system security firm based in  Switzerland, and first reported by  MIT’s Technology Review.  The group tested 10 car models from  eight different manufacturers. All were equipped with keyless entry and keyless  ignition systems controlled through wireless fobs. All 10 cars were able to be  accessed and driven away.

The researchers rigged a dual-antennae system to gain access to cars: one  antennae was placed close to the vehicles and the other close to the key.  Signals from the car to the key were then intercepted and relayed back, tricking  the car into unlocking itself. The system worked no matter the type of  encryption or protocol used to communicate between the car and its key.

In addition to being a rather simple hack, it’s also surprisingly cheap.  Researchers were able to access the cars by means of a cable that ran between  the key’s vicinity and the car’s. That method used materials that cost about $50  in total. Another wireless version of the attack could cost between $100 and  $1,000, depending on the type of electronics used.

The group envisioned scenarios where teams of thieves monitored parking lots,  waiting for target vehicles to be parked. One person would trail the car’s owner  with an antennae to relay a signal back to the car. The trailer needn’t be too  close to the victim to pick up the key’s signal — within eight meters or so  should work. Once the signal is picked up and transmitted, the car can be  unlocked by proximity and started relatively quickly. A “clean getaway” perhaps  has never been easier in the world of car theft.

The researchers haven’t yet divulged which cars were tested. Nor have they  reported that some models were easier targets than others. But judging that  eight makes failed the test, it’s safe to say all keyless entry systems are at  risk. The study suggests owners cover their keys to prevent the signal from  being transmitted its maximum distance. The groups also suggests that  manufacturers consider installing an on/off switch on keys that would allow  owners to stop signal transmissions.

Expect to hear more details when the group formally announces its findings at  the Network and Distributed System Security Symposium, to be held in February in  San Diego.

Read more: https://www.digitaltrends.com/computing/hacking-keyless-car-entry-systems-is-easy-study-shows/#ixzz2NqokAHBV